Smooth Vertical or Horizontal Page Scrolling with jQuery

In this tutorial we will create a simple smooth scrolling effect with jQuery. We will create a horizontal and a vertical website layout to show the effect. We will be using the jQuery Easing Plugin and just a few lines of jQuery. So, let’s start! The Markup The markup for our example page is going […]
scrollingWebsite

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In this tutorial we will create a simple smooth scrolling effect with jQuery. We will create a horizontal and a vertical website layout to show the effect. We will be using the jQuery Easing Plugin and just a few lines of jQuery.

So, let’s start!

The Markup

The markup for our example page is going to be very plain. We will have three sections with a heading and a paragraph and am unordered list for the navigation:

<div class="section black" id="section1">
	<h2>Section 1</h2>
	<p>
		MY Spectre around me night and day
		Like a wild beast guards my way;
		My Emanation far within
		Weeps incessantly for my sin.
	</p>
	<ul class="nav">
		<li>1</li>
		<li><a href="#section2">2</a></li>
		<li><a href="#section3">3</a></li>
	</ul>
</div>
<div class="section white" id="section2">
	<h2>Section 2</h2>
	<p>
		A fathomless and boundless deep,
		There we wander, there we weep;
		On the hungry craving wind
		My Spectre follows thee behind.

	</p>
	<ul class="nav">
		<li><a href="#section1">1</a></li>
		<li>2</li>
		<li><a href="#section3">3</a></li>
	</ul>
</div>
<div class="section black" id="section3">
	<h2>Section 3</h2>
	<p>
		He scents thy footsteps in the snow
		Wheresoever thou dost go,
		Thro' the wintry hail and rain.
		When wilt thou return again?

	</p>
	<ul class="nav">
		<li><a href="#section1">1</a></li>
		<li><a href="#section2">2</a></li>
		<li>3</li>
	</ul>
</div>

The HTML is going to be the same for both examples.
Let’s take a look at the style.

The CSS

Since we have two examples, we will start with the horizontal page style.

The main idea is to make the sections very wide and 100% in height. We will add a background image to the bottom right of each section:

*{
    margin:0;
    padding:0;
}
body{
    background:#000;
    font-family:Georgia;
    font-size: 34px;
    font-style: italic;
    letter-spacing:-1px;
    width:12000px;
    position:absolute;
    top:0px;
    left:0px;
    bottom:0px;
}
.section{
    margin:0px;
    bottom:0px;
    width:4000px;
    float:left;
    height:100%;
    text-shadow:1px 1px 2px #f0f0f0;
}
.section h2{
    margin:50px 0px 30px 50px;
}
.section p{
    margin:20px 0px 0px 50px;
    width:600px;
}
.black{
    color:#fff;
    background:#000 url(../images/black.jpg) no-repeat top right;
}
.white{
    color:#000;
    background:#fff url(../images/white.jpg) no-repeat top right;
}
.section ul{
    list-style:none;
    margin:20px 0px 0px 550px;
}
.black ul li{
    float:left;
    padding:5px;
    margin:5px;
    color:#aaa;
}
.black ul li a{
    display:block;
    color:#f0f0f0;
}
.black ul li a:hover{
    text-decoration:none;
    color:#fff;
}
.white ul li{
    float:left;
    padding:5px;
    margin:5px;
    color:#aaa;
}
.white ul li a{
    display:block;
    color:#222;
}
.white ul li a:hover{
    text-decoration:none;
    color:#000;
}

We need to give the body a valid height, because we want to be able to define the height 100% to the section. With positioning the body absolutely and saying top:0px and bottom:0px we stretch the body and give it a height.

The style for the vertical page layout is going to look as follows:

*{
    margin:0;
    padding:0;
}
body{
    background:#000;
    font-family:Georgia;
    font-size: 34px;
    font-style: italic;
    letter-spacing:-1px;
}
.section{
    margin:0px;
    height:4000px;
    width:100%;
    float:left;
    text-shadow:1px 1px 2px #f0f0f0;
}
.section h2{
    margin:50px 0px 30px 50px;
}
.section p{
    margin:20px 0px 0px 50px;
    width:600px;
}
.black{
    color:#fff;
    background:#000 url(../images/black_vert.jpg) repeat-x bottom left;
}
.white{
    color:#000;
    background:#fff url(../images/white_vert.jpg) repeat-x bottom left;
}
.section ul{
    list-style:none;
    margin:20px 0px 0px 550px;
}
.black ul li{
    float:left;
    padding:5px;
    margin:5px;
    color:#aaa;
}
.black ul li a{
    display:block;
    color:#f0f0f0;
}
.black ul li a:hover{
    text-decoration:none;
    color:#fff;
}
.white ul li{
    float:left;
    padding:5px;
    margin:5px;
    color:#aaa;
}
.white ul li a{
    display:block;
    color:#222;
}
.white ul li a:hover{
    text-decoration:none;
    color:#000;
}

Nothing special here, just that we give a big height to the sections. The background image is positioned to the bottom left then.

Let’s add the JavaScript

The JavaScript

The function for the horizontal scrolling effect is the following:

$(function() {
	$('ul.nav a').bind('click',function(event){
		var $anchor = $(this);
		/*
		if you want to use one of the easing effects:
		$('html, body').stop().animate({
			scrollLeft: $($anchor.attr('href')).offset().left
		}, 1500,'easeInOutExpo');
		 */
		$('html, body').stop().animate({
			scrollLeft: $($anchor.attr('href')).offset().left
		}, 1000);
		event.preventDefault();
	});
});

And the function for the vertical scrolling effect is the following:

$(function() {
	$('ul.nav a').bind('click',function(event){
		var $anchor = $(this);

		$('html, body').stop().animate({
			scrollTop: $($anchor.attr('href')).offset().top
		}, 1500,'easeInOutExpo');
		/*
		if you don't want to use the easing effects:
		$('html, body').stop().animate({
			scrollTop: $($anchor.attr('href')).offset().top
		}, 1000);
		*/
		event.preventDefault();
	});
});

You can animate to the respective element by using one of the easing effects. You can see the effect in the vertical demo.
If there is no JavaScript enabled, we still have our good old scroll bars.

Check out the demo, it will lead you to the horizontal page. Here is the direct link to the demo of the vertical page scrolling, or simply click on the link in the horizontal demo.

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Mary Lou

ML is a freelance web designer and developer with a passion for interaction design. She studied Cognitive Science and Computational Logic and has a weakness for the smell of freshly ground peppercorns.

http://www.codrops.com

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Comments are closed.
  1. Is there a way to start on a middle site… Let me explain what i want to do:

    section 1 = gallery
    section 2 = home
    section 3 = about

    can the starting point be on home instead of gallery?

  2. Yes I was pondering about the same thing as Deived… Must be possible with a ready-function.

  3. Yep, found a way with the “scrollTop”-method:

    $(document).ready(function() {
    $(‘html,body’).scrollTop(0); //0 is the amount of pixels from the top used as offset

    $(‘#navigation ul a’).bind(‘click’,function(event){
    var $anchor = $(this);

    $(‘html,body’).stop().animate({
    scrollTop: $($anchor.attr(‘href’)).offset().top
    },1000,’easeInOutExpo’);

    event.preventDefault();
    });
    });

    So you’d just have to set a certain pixel offset to let the document start with the needed scrolling amount 🙂 !

    Cheers from Germany,

    Benni

  4. Hi mary Lou,

    i’m following your tutorial and i have to say that for someone like me who doesn’t really know anything about coding it is pretty easy…

    The problem is , i am a really noob at this and My Jquery working fine at localhost but when I upload it to http server it doesnot work, i thought i made a mistake but i’ve been trying to upload yours too for a test (didn’t modify anything on it) and it doesn’t work …i mean i cannot click on any link!

    Did i missed something ?

    Hope someone can help me please.
    Thank you

  5. Brilliant! But is there a way to link from an external page? So on home.php, link to products.php#4 and the products.php page loads, then scrolls to the anchor?

  6. I would like to pass a parameter (GET) over sections, is it possible? For example: when a user clicks 2, it goes to #section2 sending a single parameter.

    Thanks in advance

  7. Another query on how to remove the scrollbar as overflow:hidden does not work on IE7 or 8.

    Otherwise awesome tut that i have used on my site.

  8. Hi! good tutorial! Only a question, it’s possible to drag the content ? I talk about an horizontal drag/scroll ….
    Thank you advance..

  9. Hi.
    Thnx for great tutorial.
    One question. How can I get a regular link on the page (not to scroll to as specific position. Say I have a paragraph saying the visitors can contact me. I’d like the words “contact me” to lead the visitors to the contact form section.
    Thnx in advance
    Itsik

  10. Great tutorial. I loved how simple it was and the fact that I was able to modify it to suit my purposes. Thanks for sharing