The `translate()`

function is a 2D transform function used to move an element in two-dimensional space.

It is used to translate an element by a vector **[tx, ty]**, where **tx** is the translation along the x-axis, and **ty** is the translation along the y-axis. If **ty** is not provided, it is considered zero and the element is translated along the x-axis only. The values **tx** and **ty** are provided either as a `<length>`

or as a `percentage`

. Not including a unit type will cause the number to be interpreted as a “user unit”.

Positive translation values will move the element along the positive direction of the axis, and negative values will move it in the opposite direction.

Examples:

transform: translate(100px); /* translates the element by 100px on the x-axis */ transform: translate(-100px); /* translates the element by 100px on the x-axis */ transform: translate(50px, 300px); /* translates the element 50px to the right and 300px downwards */ transform: translate(50%, 10%); /* translates the element by 50% of its width to the right, and 10% of its height to the bottom */ transform: translate(-100%); /* translates the element -100% to the left */ transform: translate(100px, 100px); /* see the result in the following image */

The result of applying a translation to an element:

The official syntax looks as follows:

transform: translate( tx [, ty ]? ); /* the question mark indicates the second value is optional */

**For a better understanding of the transform functions, please refer to the transform entry.**

## Browser Support

The following is the support table for two-dimensional CSS transformations:

### CSS3 2D Transforms

Method of transforming an element including rotating, scaling, etc. Includes support for `transform` as well as `transform-origin` properties.

W3C Candidate Recommendation

Supported from the following versions:

#### Desktop

- 36
- 16
- 10
- 12
- 9

#### Mobile / Tablet

- 9.0
- 117
- No
- 117
- 117