Triple Panel Image Slider

A tutorial about how to create a triple panel jQuery image slider with a 3D look and swipe-like transitions.

Triple Panel Image Slider

View demo Download source

In this tutorial we will create a jQuery triple panel image slider with a 3D look. The idea is to have a main panel and two lateral panels that are rotated slightly in 3D space. When navigating, we will slide in the respective next image in each panel. We’ll be using CSS 3D Transforms with perspective and CSS Transitions.

The beautiful food images in the demo are by geishaboy500 and they are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0).

Please note: the result of this tutorial will only work as intended in browsers that support the respective CSS properties.

We will omit vendor prefixes in this tutorial. But you’ll of course find them in the files.

Let’s get started!

The Markup

The initial structure that we’ll create will consist of a division with figures. Each figure will contain an image and a figcaption with the title and description for the image:

<div class="fs-slider" id="fs-slider">

	<figure>
		<img src="images/1.jpg" alt="image01" />
		<figcaption>
			<h3>Eloquence</h3>
			<p>American apparel flexitarian put a bird on it, mixtape typewriter irony aesthetic. </p>
		</figcaption>
	</figure>

	<figure>
		<img src="images/2.jpg" alt="image02" />
		<figcaption>
			<h3>Quintessential</h3>
			<p>Cardigan craft beer mixtape, skateboard forage fixie truffaut messenger bag. </p>
		</figcaption>
	</figure>

	<!-- ... -->

</div>

We will want our jQuery plugin to transform that structure into the following one:

<section class="fs-container">

	<div class="fs-wrapper">

		<div class="fs-slider" id="fs-slider">

			<div class="fs-block">

				<figure style="display: block; ">
					<img src="images/1.jpg" alt="image01" />
					<figcaption>
						<h3>Eloquence</h3>
						<p>American apparel flexitarian put a bird on it, mixtape typewriter irony aesthetic. </p>
					</figcaption>
				</figure>

			</div><!-- /fs-block -->

			<div class="fs-block">
				<!-- ... -->
			</div>

			<!-- ... -->

		</div><!-- /fs-slider -->

		<nav class="fs-navigation">
			<span>Previous</span>
			<span>Next</span>
		</nav>

	</div><!-- /fs-wrapper -->

</section><!-- /fs-container -->

Each figure will be wrapped into a division with the class fs-block and we’ll add a navigation to the whole thing.

Let’s look at the style.

The CSS

Since we want the image slider to be responsive, we will give it a percentage width. But we’ll also define a minimal and maximum width so that it doesn’t squeeze too much or grow out of proportion. We will add some paddings to the side because our blocks will be positioned using the CSS translate property (they will all be in the middle) and that will not affect the width of the element:

.fs-container {
	margin: 20px auto 50px auto;
	position: relative;
	width: 40%;
	padding: 0 15%;
	max-width: 700px;
	min-width: 220px;
	height: 500px;	
	box-sizing: content-box;
}

Let’s add a realistic shadow under the slider using a pseudo-element. We’ll use a background image for that and setting a background size of 100% will ensure that the shadow resizes with our slider:

.fs-container:before {
	content: '';
	position: absolute;
	bottom: -40px;
	background: transparent url(../images/shadow.png) no-repeat center center;
	height: 90px;
	width: 90%;
	left: 5%;
	opacity: 0.8;
	background-size: 100% 100%;
}

The additional wrapper that we’ve added around the slider will have perspective:

.fs-wrapper {
	width: 100%;
	height: 100%;
	position: relative;
	perspective: 1000px;
}

The slider itself will need to have the preserve 3d transform-style:

.fs-slider{
	width: 100%;
	height: 100%;
	position: absolute;
	transform-style: preserve-3d;
	pointer-events: none;
}

Each block will be placed in the center by setting the width to 70% and the left value to 15%. We’ll also add a transition to the block since we want to create a neat hover effect:

.fs-block {
	margin: 0;
	position: absolute;
	width: 70%;
	height: 100%;
	left: 15%;
	pointer-events: auto;
	transition: all 1s ease;
}

Now we need to position the blocks. The first one will be moved to the left by setting the translateX value to -100%. By rotating it -35 degrees on the Y-axis, we’ll make it turn away to the back on the left side:

.fs-block:nth-child(1) {	
	transform-origin: top right;
	transform: translateX(-100%) rotateY(-35deg);
}

On hover, we will want that panel block to move a bit to the front. We are using Modernizr, so we can define the hover effect only for non-touch devices (the body will have the class “no-touch”):

.no-touch .fs-block:nth-child(1):hover {
	transform: translateX(-100%) rotateY(-30deg);
}

The middle panel will have a z-index of 100 because we want to ensure that it’s always on top:

.fs-block:nth-child(2) {
	z-index: 100;
}

The last block will be moved right and rotated to the other side:

.fs-block:nth-child(3) {
	transform-origin: top left;
	transform: translateX(100%) rotateY(35deg);
}

And on hover we’ll slightly move it to the front:

.no-touch .fs-block:nth-child(3):hover {
	transform: translateX(100%) rotateY(30deg);
}

Let’s add some semi-transparent overlays to the panels in order to make them look more realistic. We’ll use the pseudo-class :after for that and we0ll make it overflow 1px (to fix a little gap that might show up because of rounding errors of the width):

.fs-block:after{
	content: '';
	position: absolute;
	width: 100%;
	height: 100%;
	z-index: 1000;
	pointer-events: none;
	box-sizing: content-box;
	border-left: 1px solid rgba(119,119,119,1);
	border-right: 1px solid rgba(119,119,119,1);
	left: -1px;
}

Each block will have a different type of gradient:

.fs-block:nth-child(1):after {
	background: 
		linear-gradient(
			to right, 
			rgba(0,0,0,0.65) 0%,
			rgba(0,0,0,0.2) 100%
		);
}

The following gradient for the middle panel will add a slightly bended effect:

.fs-block:nth-child(2):after {
	opacity: 0.8;
	background: 
		linear-gradient(
			to right, 
			rgba(0,0,0,0.5) 0%,
			rgba(0,0,0,0.12) 21%,
			rgba(0,0,0,0.03) 31%,
			rgba(0,0,0,0) 50%,
			rgba(0,0,0,0.03) 70%,
			rgba(0,0,0,0.12) 81%,
			rgba(0,0,0,0.5) 100%
		);
}

The last block will have the reverse gradient of the first one:

.fs-block:nth-child(3):after {
	background: 
		linear-gradient(
			to right, 
			rgba(0,0,0,0.2) 0%,
			rgba(0,0,0,0.65) 100%
		);
}

Now, let’s style the figure elements. They will be positioned absolutely and fill all the block element:

.fs-block figure {
	width: 100%;
	height: 100%;
	margin: 0;
	position: absolute;
	top: 0;
	left: 0;
	overflow: hidden;
	z-index: 1;
}

The idea is to add another figure to a block when we navigate. So we need to set the z-index of the first figure higher so that the added figure does not show up. Then we will animate the width of the first figure to 0%, which will reveal the second one:

.fs-block figure:first-child{
	z-index: 10;
}

The image will also be set to position absolute:

.fs-block figure img {
	position: absolute;
	top: 0;
	left: 0;
	display: block;
}

The figcation element will have a semi-transparent background and we will add a transition. This transition will happen when we add the class fs-transition to it (we’ll do that when we navigate):

.fs-block figcaption {
	padding: 0 20px;
	margin: 0;
	position: absolute;
	width: 100%;
	top: 25%;
	background: rgba(0,0,0,0.4);
	overflow: hidden;
	height: 0%;
	opacity: 0;
	text-align: center;
	transition: all 700ms cubic-bezier(0, 0, .15, 1);
}

.fs-block figcaption.fs-transition {
	height: 35%;
	opacity: 1;
}

Let’s style the text elements:

.fs-block figcaption h3 {
	font-size: 40px;
	line-height: 40px;
	margin: 0;
	padding: 20px 0;
	color: #fff;
	text-shadow: 1px 1px 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.3);
	font-family: 'Prata', serif;
	font-weight: normal;
}

.fs-block figcaption p {
	color: #fff;
	padding: 20px 0;
	margin: 0;
	text-shadow: 1px 1px 1px rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
	border-top: 1px solid rgba(255,255,255,0.2);
	box-shadow: 0 -1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.3);
}

The navigation will be placed in the bottom right corner:

.fs-navigation {
	position: absolute;
	z-index: 2000;
	bottom: 10px;
	right: 15%;
	margin-right: 15px;
	user-select: none;
}

The spans will be used as the navigation arrows and they will be floating left and we’ll add the arrow as a background image:

.fs-navigation span {
	float: left;
	width: 26px;
	height: 26px;
	border-radius: 4px;
	text-indent: -90000px;
	cursor: pointer;
	opacity: 0.6;
	margin-right: 3px;
	background: rgba(0,0,0,0.4) url(../images/arrow.png) no-repeat 50% 50%;
	pointer-events: auto;
}

The second span will be rotated so that the arrow points to the right:

.fs-navigation span:nth-child(2) {
	transform: rotate(180deg);
}

On hover we will increase the opacity:

.fs-navigation span:hover{
	opacity: 1;
}

Now, let’s add the transitions for the sliding effect. Each panel will have a different delay. Since we always want to animate a kind of swipe from the right, the first panel will have the highest delay. On the other hand, the third one will have no delay. The timing-function will be a custom cubic-bezier:

.fs-block:nth-child(1) figure {
	transition: width 900ms cubic-bezier(0, 0, .15, 1) 600ms;
}
.fs-block:nth-child(2) figure {
	transition: width 900ms cubic-bezier(0, 0, .15, 1) 300ms;
}
.fs-block:nth-child(3) figure {
	transition: width 900ms cubic-bezier(0, 0, .15, 1);
}

If you want to try different cubic-bezier timing functions, try this nice online tool.

Last, but not least, let’s add some media queries for adjusting the size of the text elements:

/* Media Queries */

@media screen and (max-width: 1024px) {
	.fs-block figcaption h3 {
		font-size: 26px;
	}
}

@media screen and (max-width: 768px) {
	.fs-block figcaption {
		padding: 0 10px;
	}
	.fs-block figcaption h3 {
		font-size: 16px;
		padding: 10px 0;
	}
	.fs-block figcaption p {
		font-size: 13px;
	}
}

And that’s all the style. Now, let’s look at the JavaScript.

The JavaScript

Our plugin options will only have the autoplay settings. Like we have seen before, we set the transitions configuration in the CSS.

$.ImgSlider.defaults	= {
	autoplay	: false,
	interval	: 4000
};

We will start by preloading all the images and once that’s done we will execute the _init function:

_init				: function( options ) {

	// options
	this.options			= $.extend( true, {}, $.ImgSlider.defaults, options );

	this.current			= 0;

	// https://github.com/twitter/bootstrap/issues/2870
	var transEndEventNames	= {
		'WebkitTransition'	: 'webkitTransitionEnd',
		'MozTransition'		: 'transitionend',
		'OTransition'		: 'oTransitionEnd',
		'msTransition'		: 'MSTransitionEnd',
		'transition'		: 'transitionend'
	};
	this.transEndEventName	= transEndEventNames[ Modernizr.prefixed('transition') ];

	// the initial elements
	this.$initElems			= this.$el.children( 'figure' );
	// total number of elements
	this.initElemsCount		= this.$initElems.length;

	if( this.initElemsCount < 3 ) {

		return false;

	}

	// build layout
	this._layout();
	// init events
	this._initEvents();

	// autoplay on
	if( this.options.autoplay ) {

		this._startSlideshow();

	}

}

Here we are basically caching some elements and initializing some variables to be used later.
If we have more than three items or images, we will build the structure mentioned before. We also set the window resize event.

Finally, if the autoplay option is set to true, we trigger the auto slideshow.

_layout				: function() {

	this.$initElems.wrapAll( '<div class="fs-temp"></div>' ).hide();

	this.$initElems
		.filter( ':lt(3)' )
		.clone()
		.show()
		.prependTo( this.$el )
		.wrap( '<div class="fs-block"></div>' );

	this.$el
		.wrap( '<section class="fs-container"></section>' )
		.wrap( '<div class="fs-wrapper"></div>' );

	this.$blocks	= this.$el.children( 'div.fs-block' );

	// cache the 3 main blocks
	this.$blockL	= this.$blocks.eq( 0 );
	this.$blockC	= this.$blocks.eq( 1 );
	this.$blockR	= this.$blocks.eq( 2 );

	this.$blockC.find( 'figcaption' ).addClass( 'fs-transition' );

	// all items
	this.$temp		= this.$el.find( 'div.fs-temp' );

	// resize images
	this._resizeBlocks();

	// add navigation if needed
	if( this.initElemsCount > 3 ) {

		var $nav = $( '<nav class="fs-navigation"><span>Previous</span><span>Next</span></nav>' ).appendTo( this.$el.parent() );

		// next and previous
		this.$navPrev	= $nav.find( 'span:first' );
		this.$navNext	= $nav.find( 'span:last' );

		this._initNavigationEvents();

	}

}

The _layout function will make sure that the first three items will be the ones visible in our 3d structure. All the initial items will be hidden and wrapped in the fs-temp division.

We also need to resize each image according to its wrapper size. The main item’s description (the middle item) is shown while all the others stay hidden. Last, we create the navigation buttons and initialize their events, if we have more than three items.

_initNavigationEvents	: function() {

	var _self = this;

	this.$navPrev.on( 'click.imgslider', function() {

		if( _self.options.autoplay ) {

			clearTimeout( _self.slideshow );
			_self.options.autoplay	= false;

		}

		_self._navigate( 'left' );

	} );
	this.$navNext.on( 'click.imgslider', function() {

		if( _self.options.autoplay ) {

			clearTimeout( _self.slideshow );
			_self.options.autoplay	= false;

		}

		_self._navigate( 'right' );

	} );

}

_navigate				: function( dir ) {

	if( this.isAnimating === true ) {

		return false;

	}

	this.isAnimating = true;

	var _self	= this,
		$items	= this.$temp.children(),
		LIndex, CIndex, RIndex;

	this.$blocks.find( 'figcaption' ).hide().css( 'transition', 'none' ).removeClass( 'fs-transition' );

	if( dir === 'right' ) {

		LIndex = this.current + 1;
		CIndex = this.current + 2;
		RIndex = this.current + 3;

		if( LIndex >= this.initElemsCount ) {

			LIndex -= this.initElemsCount

		}

		if( CIndex >= this.initElemsCount ) {

			CIndex -= this.initElemsCount

		}

	}
	else if( dir === 'left' ) {

		LIndex = this.current - 1;
		CIndex = this.current;
		RIndex = this.current + 1;

		if( LIndex < 0 ) {

			LIndex = this.initElemsCount - 1

		}

	}

	if( RIndex >= this.initElemsCount ) {

		RIndex -= this.initElemsCount

	}

	var $elL	= $items.eq( LIndex ).clone().show(),
		$elC	= $items.eq( CIndex ).clone().show(),
		$elR	= $items.eq( RIndex ).clone().show();

	// resize images
	$elL.children( 'img' ).css( this.$blockL.data( 'imgstyle' ) );
	$elC.children( 'img' ).css( this.$blockC.data( 'imgstyle' ) );
	$elR.children( 'img' ).css( this.$blockR.data( 'imgstyle' ) );

	this.$blockL.append( $elL );
	this.$blockC.append( $elC );
	this.$blockR.append( $elR );

	// now show new images

	var $slides = this.$blocks.find( 'figure:first' ).css( 'width', '0%');

	if( Modernizr.csstransitions ) {

		$slides.on( this.transEndEventName, function( event ) {

			var $this 		= $( this ),
				blockIdx	= $this.parent().index('');

			_self._slideEnd( dir, blockIdx, $elC );

			$this.off( _self.transEndEventName ).remove();

		} );

	}
	else {

		$slides.each( function() {

			var $this 		= $( this ),
				blockIdx	= $this.parent().index('');

			_self._slideEnd( dir, blockIdx, $elC );

		} );

		this._slideEnd();

	}

}

The _navigate function takes control of which items will be positioned in the three visible blocks. We insert each of these item’s figure inside the block, resize the new images, and animate the width property of that same current block’s figure to 0px. In the end, we remove it leaving the new figure in its place. Also, we keep showing the middle block’s description while hiding all the others. This and also updating the current variable is done in the _slideEnd function:

_slideEnd				: function( dir, blockIdx, $main ) {

	if( blockIdx === 0 ) {

		if( this.current === this.initElemsCount - 1 && dir === 'right' ) {

			this.current = 0;

		}
		else if( this.current === 0 && dir === 'left' ) {

			this.current = this.initElemsCount - 1;

		}
		else {

			( dir === 'right' ) ? ++this.current : --this.current;

		}

		this.isAnimating = false;

	}
	else if( blockIdx === 1 ) {

		$main.find( 'figcaption' ).addClass( 'fs-transition' );

	}

}

The last thing we need to take care is when the user resizes the window. We need to resize the visible block images accordingly. Like we said before, this is also done once _layout is called:

_initEvents				: function() {

	var _self = this;

	$window.on( 'debouncedresize.imgslider', function() {

		_self._resizeBlocks();

	} );

},
// resize the images
_resizeBlocks			: function() {

	var _self = this;

	this.$blocks.each( function( i ) {

		var $el 	= $( this ).children( 'figure' ),
			$img	= $el.children( 'img' ),
			dim		= _self._getImageDim( $img.attr( 'src' ), { width : $el.width(), height : $el.height() } );

		// save the image dimentions
		switch( i ) {
			case 0 : _self.$blockL.data( 'imgstyle', dim ); break;
			case 1 : _self.$blockC.data( 'imgstyle', dim ); break;
			case 2 : _self.$blockR.data( 'imgstyle', dim ); break;
		};

		// apply style
		$img.css( dim );

	} );

}

And that’s it! I hope you enjoyed this tutorial and find it useful!

View demo Download source

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Mary Lou (Manoela Ilic) is a freelance web designer and developer with a passion for interaction design. She studied Cognitive Science and Computational Logic and has a weakness for the smell of freshly ground peppercorns.

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Website: http://tympanus.net/

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Feedback 11

Comments are closed.
  1. 2

    Hi, Found it useful for personal pics or portfolio.
    But would have been better, if instead of clicking just arrows, clicking the side images worked too.
    Also, can left arrow and right arrow have reverse transition effects?

    Thanks for such beautiful tutorials.

    • 3

      Ditto on this comment…

      It’s a beautiful design, with a small usability problem.

      The subtle flap-like movement of the left and right images seemed to indicate that if I clicked either one or tried to swipe, the image would change, carousel-style. In fact, I didn’t even notice the arrow-navigation until after I tried swiping or clicking.

      Again, beautifully done and the tutorial is top-notch!

  2. 4

    I want to have mind like yours :) I’ve been watching all the stuff you’ve created for a long time and I’m very impressed.
    Right now I’m working on my new website, which will include a lot of stuff made using Ajax and jQuery, and your projects insipre me a lot.

    Thinking about sending You some flowers and chocolade :)

  3. 6

    I feel so humbled by your talent :) I hope I’ll become as good a programmer as u are :) I still have a lot to learn :)

  4. 7

    Thanks for this. I think this would make a great home/landing page of sorts. May have to try this out.

  5. 8

    I love this demo very much. Appreciate if you could give me some hints to modify the code to allow # in URL. Thanks :).
    index.html#image1 -> load the page and navigate to image1

  6. 9

    I have a bug when using this awesome slider with navigation menu {position:fixed;}. Anyone met something like me ?

  7. 10

    OMG wow!! I’ve always LOVED this site, but this time I couldn’t resist leaving a comment. Thank you for sharing your gifts with the world!!

Comments are closed.