How to create animated tooltips with CSS3

How to create some simple, animated tooltips using CSS transitions and the pseudo-classes :before and :after
CSS3Tooltips

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In today’s tip we’ll show you how to create some simple, animated tooltips using CSS transitions and the pseudo-classes :before and :after.

The idea is to have a list with links or in our case, social icons, that reveal a little tooltip on hover.

The unordered list will look like this:

<ul class="tt-wrapper">
	<li><a class="tt-gplus" href="#"><span>Google Plus</span></a></li>
	<li><a class="tt-twitter" href="#"><span>Twitter</span></a></li>
	<li><a class="tt-dribbble" href="#"><span>Dribbble</span></a></li>
	<li><a class="tt-facebook" href="#"><span>Facebook</span></a></li>
	<li><a class="tt-linkedin" href="#"><span>LinkedIn</span></a></li>
	<li><a class="tt-forrst" href="#"><span>Forrst</span></a></li>
</ul>

The list elements will be floating left and the anchors will have the following style:

.tt-wrapper li a{
	display: block;
	width: 68px;
	height: 70px;
	margin: 0 2px;
	outline: none;
	background: transparent url(../images/icons.png) no-repeat top left;
	position: relative;
}

Each anchor will have a different background position for the background image:

.tt-wrapper li .tt-gplus{
    background-position: 0px 0px;
}
.tt-wrapper li .tt-twitter{
    background-position: -68px 0px;
}
.tt-wrapper li .tt-dribbble{
    background-position: -136px 0px;
}
.tt-wrapper li .tt-facebook{
    background-position: -204px 0px;
}
.tt-wrapper li .tt-linkedin{
    background-position: -272px 0px;
}
.tt-wrapper li .tt-forrst{
    background-position: -340px 0px;
}

The span will work as our tooltip and we will “hide” it by setting its initial opacity to 0. The effect I want to share with you is the tooltip fading in and appearing from the top, so we will give it a bottom of 100px, placing it above the anchor:

.tt-wrapper li a span{
	width: 100px;
	height: auto;
	line-height: 20px;
	padding: 10px;
	left: 50%;
	margin-left: -64px;
	font-family: 'Alegreya SC', Georgia, serif;
	font-weight: 400;	
	font-style: italic;
	font-size: 14px;
	color: #719DAB;
	text-shadow: 1px 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
	text-align: center;
	border: 4px solid #fff;
	background: rgba(255,255,255,0.3);
	text-indent: 0px;
	border-radius: 5px;
	position: absolute;
    pointer-events: none;
	bottom: 100px;
	opacity: 0;
	box-shadow: 1px 1px 2px rgba(0,0,0,0.1);
	transition: all 0.3s ease-in-out;
}

Since we will make the tooltip appear on hover over the anchor (and the span counts as part of the anchor) the tooltip will also appear when hovering over the area above the anchor (the span is still there, it’s just the 0 opacity that makes it invisible).

For the little pointer, we will style the pseudo-elements :before and :after. We will style them the same way and create a triangle by using transparent left and right borders. The :before pseudo-element will serve as a shadow for the :after pseudo-element, so we’ll give it a black rgba value with a low opacity:

.tt-wrapper li a span:before,
.tt-wrapper li a span:after{
	content: '';
	position: absolute;
	bottom: -15px;
	left: 50%;
	margin-left: -9px;
	width: 0;
	height: 0;
	border-left: 10px solid transparent;
	border-right: 10px solid transparent;
	border-top: 10px solid rgba(0,0,0,0.1);
}

The :after pseudo-element will be placed a pixel away and we’ll make it white, just like the border of the tooltip itself:

.tt-wrapper li a span:after{
	bottom: -14px;
	margin-left: -10px;
	border-top: 10px solid #fff;
}

So, on hover, we will make the span move from the top and fade in:

.tt-wrapper li a:hover span{
	opacity: 0.9;
	bottom: 70px;
}

And voilà! Very simple animated tooltips! In the second demo, you can see an alternative style for the tooltip (a funny circle) which scales up from the anchor and in the third demo the tooltips are rotated. The forth demo shows another neat effect.

The beautiful social icons in the demo are by Emir Ayouni (growcase.com).

I hope you enjoyed this little effect and find it useful!

Needless to say, this will only work in browsers that support pseudo-elements and CSS transitions.

Image Credits:
Abstract Vector Image By Vectorportal.com

Tagged with:

Mary Lou

ML is a freelance web designer and developer with a passion for interaction design. She studied Cognitive Science and Computational Logic and has a weakness for the smell of freshly ground peppercorns.

http://www.codrops.com

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Comments are closed.
    • Try using list-style-type: none; on the LI elements in the CSS. That should remove the dots for you 🙂

  1. Although the effect is neat, there’s a major feature missing: the ability to enjoy it when you are a (sighted) keyboard-only user. Indeed you are able to tab through the icons, but you have no visual cues of where the focus currently is. Plus, you don’t get the benefit of the tooltips, since they are not triggered.
    Both could be solved easily, though:
    – do not suppress the outline (via the outline:none declaration). Outlines are extremely useful, modern browsers handle them very well, so, please, just leave them alone. And if you want, you can style them at will
    – use the :focus pseudo-class whenever you use :hover. Simple, and it does the job perfectly well.
    For more info about :focus, check Nomensa’s blog.

    With these two little changes, you’ll have a much better product, that is: more universally usable than before.

  2. I’ve got problem. I paste this “Style2” css code in “Add custom CSS” on my page and it doesn’t work. Did I do something not right?

  3. demo number 3 make someone around the head 😀
    WOW new pic by master Mary Lou…hohohoho ?

  4. Really an excellent how to article about creating animated tool tips. Tool tips are very important in a good web design.Thanks for sharing the code as well.

    Regards,

    Amelie Wakelin

  5. thank you I learned some new stuffs, but, how should we do? I can’t garanty that it will work on all web browsers, I don’t really know css 3 but do you think that we should start using it at a large scall, for busness websites for exemples?

  6. Thank you for the great demos and tutorials! So I have one problem troubled. If I move the mouse over and over again using demo2 ~ 4 on Mac Chrome17, the screen will go black-out for a moment when “on mouse over” and “on mouse out”. This does not happen on Safari5.1.2, Opera11.61 and FireFox10. What action is how should I do? Also, do you think this cause is what?

  7. I like this tool tips tutorial. But i don’t know how to install this in a wordpress blog. Please help me to implement this in my blog.

  8. Wow, your demo site works amazing, I don’t know how you can archive it with only CSS3, or does it need jQuery in order to work?

  9. I like this tool tips tutorial!!! but how to solve the problems with internet explorer??